Overview of Gynaecologic Oncology

Gynecologic Oncologist Hyderabad | Gynecologic Cancers

Normal cells turn into abnormal cells and grow uncontrollably anywhere in the body. When this happens, malignant cells disrupt the normal functioning of body cells and behave abnormally in the body. Cancer is a term used to describe this type of abnormal growth. There are hundreds of different types of cancers – which may or may not be associated with symptoms. In most of the cancers, there are no apparent signs and symptoms in the early stages. In certain types of cancers, symptoms are absent in advanced stages as well.

Signs and symptoms of cancer

Certain types of cancer do grow and develop with some specific signs and symptoms. In such cancers, symptoms if manifest may depend on the specific type and grade of cancer. but, the majority of the cancers don’t have specific signs and symptoms. In general, recurrent fever, fatigue, excessive weight loss, swollen lymph nodes and unusual bleeding are the common symptoms of cancer. Gynecologic oncologist Hyderabad deal with all types of gynecologic cancers.

gynecologic oncologist Hyderabad

Gynecologic Oncology is a sub-speciality of oncology that deals with the detection, diagnosis and treatment of gynaecological cancers – cancers of the female sex (genitals) and reproductive system – such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, cervical cancer, vaginal, vulvar and ovarian cancers.

Breast Cancer
Ovarian Cancer
Uterine Cancer
Cervical Cancer
Vaginal / Vulval cancer

Cancer Cases are Rapidly Rising in Women in India

Gynecologic oncologist Hyderabad says that there are several reasons for the increasing number of cancer cases in India – and most importantly the age shift towards young women as nearly about 25% new breast cancer cases are being detected in young women. The abnormal growth and development of cells is a complex process – wherein normal cells turn into malignant. The process may involve several steps and changes that take place progressively over a period of time. In this process, gene mutations, lifestyle and environmental factors may work in tandem resulting in cancer growth and proliferation. In a nutshell, genes, lifestyle and environmental factors play a vital role in the growth of cancer.

Breast cancer is well-known to many women only for name per se. A majority of Indian women lack proper understanding and awareness of breast cancer. This is in fact the number one reason for the increasing number of gynaecological cancers in India. No Indian women has comprehensive knowledge about all types of gynaecological cancers in India.

Why Gynaecological Cancer Cases are Rising in Rapidly Urbanizing India?

Rapidly urbanizing India is witnessing drastically huge incidences of gynaecological cancers even in relatively healthy-looking young women. Young women, middle-aged women and the elderly women delay in approaching a lady doctor even if they notice some sudden changes in their health. Many Indian women don’t go for cervical cancer and breast cancer screening programs. They, therefore, miss PAP smear, pelvic examination and clinical breast examination by a specialist doctor. These are all the major contributing factors for the increasing number of gynaecological cancer cases in rapidly urbanizing India.

Though a majority of the gynaecological cancer cases don’t show up any specific symptoms – ovarian cancer symptoms look similar to the symptoms of some of the common less serious health issues like indigestion, abdominal cramps and bloating – which many women tend to miss. Even early-stage breast cancer signs – sometimes – may be misleading. Lack of proper understanding of their symptoms, lack of awareness and reluctance to go to doctors and delay in approaching specialist doctors is resulting in late diagnosis (3rd or 4th stage diagnosis) of the breast, ovarian and cervical cancers in women in India.

The best way to ensure early detection, diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer

Advancing age, family history, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, genetic predisposition are the major risk factors for ovarian and breast cancers in women. Irrespective of whether one has symptoms or not, being a woman increases the risk of certain types of gynaecological cancers. Therefore, it is better to talk to your gynaecologist and gynecologic oncologist if you think that you are at risk. Women who don’t fall under any sort of risk category should also approach their gynaecologist for regular health check-ups and screening. An early diagnosis of cancer in women can lead to better treatment outcomes and can immensely improve the survival rates of cancer.